What Is Colon Cancer What Does It Look Like
Colon cancer is the transformation of normal cells to abnormal cells in the colon. Most colon cancers are adenocarcinomas-tumors that develop from the glands lining the colon’s inner wall. Left untreated, these cancers grow and eventually spread through the colon wall to involve the adjacent lymph nodes and organs. Ultimately, they spread to distant organs such as the liver, lungs, brain, and bones.
Sometimes colon cancer, or malignant tumors, are referred to as colorectal cancer, reflecting the fact that the rectum, the end portion of the colon, also can be affected. Some researchers and doctors recognize colon and rectal cancer to be two different types of cancer in the digestive tract, due to the anatomical differences in the rectum as compared to the rest of the colon.
- One in 17 people in the U.S. will develop colorectal cancer.
- According to reports from the National Cancer Institute, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in U.S. men.
- Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in U.S. women of Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Asian/Pacific Islander ancestry, and the third most common cancer in white and African American women.
- Deaths from colorectal cancer rank third after lung and prostate cancer for men and third after lung and breast cancer for women.
- Death statistics from colon cancer vs. rectal cancer is not clear as an estimated 40% of rectal cancers are misdiagnosed as colon cancer.
Colon Cancer Symptoms and Signs
What To Do For A Bleeding Hemorrhoid
Home treatmentTake a sitz bath. This involves soaking your anal area in a few inches of warm water. Use moist wipes. Toilet paper can be rough and irritating to external hemorrhoids. Use a cold pack. Avoid straining or sitting on the toilet for long periods of time. Use an over-the-counter product.Aug 28, 2018
What Do Hemorrhoids Look Like On A Woman
Hemorrhoids do not look any different on women than they do on men.
External hemorrhoids are still flesh-colored sacs of inflamed blood vessels, some darker than others.
This cluster of lumps forms around the anal opening and can range in size, from grape-sized to the size of a golf ball.
The skin stretches tightly over the most inflamed and irritated part of the hemorrhoids and can become loose near the outer region.
A thrombosed hemorrhoid appears bluish or purple, signifying the blood trapped beneath the skin’s surface.
When burst open, thrombosed hemorrhoids can be an intense red with visible bleeding.
Prolapsed hemorrhoids can be flesh-colored or various shades of red, usually coated in mucous or other body fluids.
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What Do Bad Hemorrhoids Look Like
Bad hemorrhoids, or severe grades of hemorrhoids, look different depending on which type of hemorrhoid they are.
Considerably severe external hemorrhoids can take the shape of a cluster of lumps, with tight skin stretching over the highly inflamed areas of the blood vessels.
If your external hemorrhoids are bad, then it is probable that they have become thrombosed, which will look like large lumps that are bluish or purple due to the underlying blood clot.
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Internal hemorrhoids can become prolapsed, and this appears as a cluster of mucous covered bulges emerging from the anal opening.
Later stages of hemorrhoids become enlarged and painful, and sometimes are a visible mix of blood, flesh-colored engorgements, or a purplish blue hue if a blood clot is present.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of An Internal Or Prolapsed Hemorrhoid
Most often, internal hemorrhoids have no symptoms but are only found if there is bleeding with a bowel movement or if the hemorrhoid prolapses so that it can be felt outside of the anus. This may lead to itching and pain as well as the bleeding.
Prolapse of an internal hemorrhoid occurs when the internal hemorrhoids swell and extend from their location in the rectum through the anus. A prolapsed internal hemorrhoid:
- Can be felt as a lump outside the anus
- Can be gently pushed back through the anus, this may resolve the location of the hemorrhoid, but does not fix the hemorrhoid itself
- May enlarge and swell even more if it cannot be pushed back
- May become entrapped, which requires more urgent medical attention
Hemorrhoids may also cause anal itching , and a constant feeling of needing to have a bowel movement .
Internal hemorrhoid severity can be graded:
- Grade I: Prominent blood vessels with no prolapse
- Grade II: Prolapse with bearing down but with spontaneous reduction
- Grade III: Prolapse with bearing down but requiring manual reduction
- Grade IV: Prolapse with inability to manual reduction
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Treating External Hemorrhoids At Home
There are many methods of alleviating external hemorrhoids symptoms at home, such as:
However, should symptoms persist, or if you are unsure if your symptoms result from external hemorrhoids, it is best to contact a physician for diagnosis and treatment. Although these remedies can provide relief, most at-home treatments merely mask the symptoms caused by hemorrhoids instead of getting rid of the underlying issue. For this reason, you will most likely need to see a professional for long-lasting pain relief.
Interestingly, although you may think your symptoms come from your external hemorrhoids, many times it is the internal hemorrhoid disease causing the problems.
What Should You Know About Hemorrhoids
What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are blood vessels located in the smooth muscles of the walls of the rectum and anus. They are a normal part of the anatomy and are located at the junction where small arteries merge into veins. They are cushioned by smooth muscles and connective tissue and are classified by where they are located in relationship to the pectinate line, the dividing point between the upper 2/3 and lower 1/3 of the anus. This is an important anatomic distinction because of the type of cells that line hemorrhoid, and the nerves that provide sensation.
What are the internal and external hemorrhoids?
Internal hemorrhoids are located above the pectinate line and are covered with cells that are the same as those that line the rest of the intestines. External hemorrhoids arise below the line and are covered with cells that resemble skin.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids become an issue only when they begin to swell, causing itching, pain, and/or bleeding.
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How To Heal Hemorrhoids: Over
Products used to treat hemorrhoids are available as
- foams, and
When used around the anus, ointments, creams, and gels should be applied as a thin covering. When applied to the anal canal, these products should be inserted with a finger or a “pile pipe.” Pile pipes are most efficient when they have holes on the sides as well as at the end. Pile pipes should be lubricated with ointment prior to insertion. Suppositories or foams do not have advantages over ointments, creams, and gels.
What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor
You may want to ask your healthcare provider:
- Why did I get hemorrhoids?
- What is the best treatment for me?
- What lifestyle changes can I make to keep from getting hemorrhoids again?
- When will symptoms improve?
- Should I look out for signs of complications?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
An estimated 15 million Americans have sought treatments for hemorrhoids at some point in their lives. But many more suffer needlessly. Dont be too embarrassed to talk to your healthcare provider about your symptoms. If hemorrhoids cause pain or discomfort, your provider has treatments that can help. You can also take steps to keep hemorrhoids from coming back.
Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 01/18/2021.
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Following Hemorrhoidectomy For Thrombosed External Hemorrhoids
You will probably have some discomfort once the numbing medicine wears off. Pain may be relieved by taking a combination of acetaminophen , in 325-mg tablets, 2 tablets every 4 hours, and ibuprofen , in 200-mg tablets, 4 tablets 3 times a day. Take the ibuprofen with food to limit stomach upset. Narcotic pain relievers, such as codeine, are not recommended because they can cause constipation, and hard stools can cause tearing in the anus after the procedure.
You may have some bloody drainage or mild bleeding with passage of stools for the next few weeks. You can place new gauze over the wound, if you desire, whenever the gauze becomes soiled. Even with soft stools, some tearing of the stitches at the surgical site may occur during the first few weeks after the procedure. If you have heavy bleeding, contact your doctor.
Infection is uncommon after this procedure. However, you can apply antibiotic ointment to the site daily during the first week after your surgery. Call your doctor if the site develops redness, foul-smelling drainage or swelling, or if you have increasing discomfort in the area.
Twenty-minute sitz baths can be taken during the first few weeks after the procedure to aid in healing and to provide comfort at the site. After 1 week, some people prefer to use medicines such as Anusol or Preparation H to soothe the tissues.
Read the full article.
First Signs Of Female Hemorrhoids On Photos
In each case, the first signs of hemorrhoids in women are individual. Often they are not obvious and dont cause major discomfort. The initial stage of piles with timely treatment is completely curable. Signs of female piles are expressed with a burning sensation, tingling, itching of the anus.
Often there are inflammations and puffiness. Signs of piles in women are often expressed in the intestines, and get more pronounced closer to the anus. Traces of blood should be reason to consult a doctor, in case they are noticed on underwear or toilet paper. Female hemorrhoids 1 stage may be manifested only by the mucus discharge from the anus.
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What Happens During Surgical Removal Of The Thrombosed Hemorrhoid
One procedure creates an incision over the clot, allowing the doctor to squeeze out the clot. Unfortunately, this quick and easy procedure frequently results in blood clots reforming and continuing pain. A more extensive procedure removes the clot and the blood vessels in the hemorrhoid. This procedure is longer and may require sutures to close the wound, but can yield better results. Local anesthesia is used for both procedures.
Classification Of Internal Hemorrhoids:
- Grade 1 – A hemorrhoid is present but only visualized by a doctor with ansocopy or colonoscopy. The hemorrhoid does not extend out the anus.
- Grade 2 – The hemorrhoid extends out of the anus with a bowel movement or with straining. After your BM, the hemorrhoid goes back inside on its own.
- Grade 3 – The hemorrhoid extends out of the anus with a bowel movement or with straining. You have to manually push the hemorrhoid back inside the anus. If you have this, you should seek medical attention, but it is not urgent.
- Grade 4 – A hemorrhoid extends outside the anus and are not able to be manually pushed back inside. If you have this seek medical attention immediately. There are significant potential complications.
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So You Think They Are No Big Deal Wrong Napoleon Bonaparte And His Fight With Hemorrhoids
It has been identified by Dr. Paul Wolf, 2001, that Napoleon Bonaparte could have won the Battle of Waterloo by attacking earlier in the day, but Napoleon Bonaparte delayed his attack because he suffered greatly from hemorrhoid pain that morning. By the time the afternoon came, the weather and troop disposition advantaged the British.
Napoleon Bonaparte suffered greatly from hemorrhoid pain during many of his battles, as the tension of battle apparently caused his sphincter muscles to tighten horrendously on them, thereby generating massive pain and discomfort for him.
Napoleon Bonaparte used bathing to help control the pain, but during the battle of Waterloo he was constipated which made his discomfort much worse. So he left the battlefield, left his army in the command of a subordinate, and sat in a bath to ease his miserable state, then went back to the battlefield later in the day, resumed his command. By that time, heâd lost the battle, and thus the war!
An interesting bit of history there, one I think many of us can understand and sympathize with, as well as be warned from!
I have also heard of another version, where the battle was lost because Napoleon was unable to survey the battlefield properly, as his hemorrhoids caused him too much distress at the time. Without this surveillance information, it is argued he lost the battle.
The Emotional Symptoms Of Hemorrhoids You Can Control
Hemorrhoids have been agony to people throughout recorded history, and have played their part in changing history as well, by their ability to cause us to be grumpy, irritable and quick to anger, to lose focus and to make errors.
Hemorrhoids can be so distressing to a person, that even the horrific operations of bygone centuries were considered worthwhile by sufferers.
To read just how devastating hemorrhoids can be, just read the bit about Napoleon further on. Some historians say his hemorrhoids affected him so badly he lost his war! So you could easily lose your job or lose your business or an important client, even lose out in a relationship.
For some people, lumps in the anal region is a common sign / symptom. It may scare you at first, and cause much fear and concern , as it did me. But the lump is normally only internal hemorrhoids acting up. An anal prolapse literally refers to the internal lining of the anus appearing outside the anal aperture opening. Hence if an internal hemorrhoid appears outside the anal opening, it could be, by definition, described as a prolapse! However, prolapsing ones are not normally a medical emergency.
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What Causes External Hemorrhoids
The most common cause of external hemorrhoids is repeated straining while having a bowel movement. Hemorrhoids develop when the veins of the rectum or anus become dilated or enlarged and can be either internal or external. External hemorrhoids are usually found beneath the skin that surrounds the anus.
There is a range of symptoms that can affect a person with hemorrhoids. Symptoms tend to vary depending on the severity of your hemorrhoids. Some of the symptoms that you may have include the following:
- itching around the anus or rectal area
- pain around the anus
- blood in the stool
You may notice bleeding when using the bathroom. This includes seeing blood on toilet paper or in the toilet. Lumps around the anus may feel as if they are swollen.
These symptoms may also occur because of other conditions. But if you experience these symptoms, you should schedule an exam with your doctor.
What Natural Home Remedies Soothe Or Cure Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoid symptoms of pain and itching can be treated at home by doing the following.
Warm Sitz Baths
- Sitting in a few inches of warm water three times a day for 15 to 20 minutes may help decrease the inflammation of the hemorrhoids.
- It is important to dry off the anal area completely after each Sitz bath to minimize irritation of the skin surrounding the anus.
- Increased fluid intake and dietary fiber will decrease the potential for constipation and lessen the pressure on the rectum and anus during a bowel movement, minimizing further swelling, discomfort, and bleeding. Dietary fiber supplements also may help bulk up the stools
- Stool softeners may help. A health-care professional or a pharmacist are good resources to discuss their use.
- Individuals with hemorrhoids should not sit for long periods of time and may benefit from sitting on an air or rubber donut available at most local pharmacies.
- Exercise is helpful in relieving constipation and in decreasing pressure on the hemorrhoidal veins. Individuals should be encouraged to have a bowel movement as soon as possible after the urge arises and not sit on the toilet for long periods of time. Once that urge passes, stools can become constipated and straining with a bowel movement may occur.
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What Does Female Hemorrhoids Look Like On Photos
The most common female piles is manifested by varicose veins. To imagine what female hemorrhoids look like , first of all, one should know at least the basics of anatomy taught at school. Rectum as the end part of the intestine, carries a tremendous load. A thick venous network runs throughout the rectum. Flowing slowly enough, the blood can sometimes stagnate, expanding the vessels and forming piles. In the lumen of the veins, arteries can be observed.
What do female piles look like and what do hemorrhoids look like in man there is no gender difference. A small difference occurs only in the causes of the disease. A lot of factors affect how hemorrhoids manifest in women. This list of trigger factors includes a period of fetal gestation, delivery, stress, lifting heavy weights and more. Female hemorrhoids are mainly caused by intense weight loss or a long sitting at the computer.
What Are Thrombosed Hemorrhoids
All people have blood-filled sacs that cushion the passage of stool through the anal canal. When these sacs become stretched and enlarged, they are called hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids can occur during or after pregnancy, after long periods in a seated position , or because of constipation or diarrhea. Hemorrhoids generally are classified as external , which can be very painful, and internal , which can protrude and bleed.
External hemorrhoids can become thrombosed and become very tender. Large blood clots can produce pain with walking, sitting or passage of stool. It is not clear why healthy people suddenly develop clots in external hemorrhoids.
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