Classification Of Internal Hemorrhoids:
- Grade 1 – A hemorrhoid is present but only visualized by a doctor with ansocopy or colonoscopy. The hemorrhoid does not extend out the anus.
- Grade 2 – The hemorrhoid extends out of the anus with a bowel movement or with straining. After your BM, the hemorrhoid goes back inside on its own.
- Grade 3 – The hemorrhoid extends out of the anus with a bowel movement or with straining. You have to manually push the hemorrhoid back inside the anus. If you have this, you should seek medical attention, but it is not urgent.
- Grade 4 – A hemorrhoid extends outside the anus and are not able to be manually pushed back inside. If you have this seek medical attention immediately. There are significant potential complications.
Improving Your Diet And Lifestyle
How Are Hemorrhoids Diagnosed
The common symptoms of a hemorrhoid include itching, pain, rectal fullness or lump, and bleeding. The diagnosis is made by history taking and physical examination. The history may focus on the associated symptoms including constipation, hard bowel movements, and straining while going to the toilet. Other questions may be asked to look for other causes of rectal bleeding including tumors, inflammatory bowel disease, and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Physical examination is performed to confirm the diagnosis and includes a rectal examination where a finger is used to feel for abnormal lumps or masses. Interestingly, internal hemorrhoids cannot usually be felt. The rectal exam may be deferred if there is intense pain or swelling. In addition, hemorrhoids and constipation may be associated with anal fissures or cracks in the skin surrounding the anus. The associated pain and spasm makes a rectal exam very uncomfortable.
If the health care professional is concerned that the symptoms, especially rectal bleeding, cannot be explained by hemorrhoids, anoscopy may be considered. Anoscopy is an office procedure where a lighted tube is inserted to look at the anus. Sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy may be ordered if there is concern that the bleeding is arising from other areas of the colon. These procedures are usually performed by a gastroenterologist or surgeon.
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What Are The Causes Of External Hemorrhoids
The most common cause of hemorrhoids is repeated straining while having a bowel movement. This is often caused by severe cases of constipation or diarrhea. Straining gets in the way of blood flow into and out of the area. This results in the pooling of blood and enlargement of the vessels in that area.
Pregnant women may also be at an increased risk of hemorrhoids because of the pressure that the uterus places on these veins.
Signs And Symptoms Of External Hemorrhoids
Often external hemorrhoids are characterized by itchy and painful bumps around the anus. You will feel the hemorrhoids when you touch the affected area. Usually, external hemorrhoids are often slightly less pink when compared to the surrounding skin. Some of the common signs and symptoms associated with external hemorrhoids include
· Blood in stool
If you are suffering from external hemorrhoids, you will notice some blood during a bowel movement. The blood is present on the outer surface of the stool, and they are bright red this is because it comes from the hemorrhoids and not your gastrointestinal tract .
Blood that comes out from the hemorrhoids is often minimal. If you notice a significant amount of blood when suffering from hemorrhoids, it will be best to contact your doctor.
· Blood clots
External hemorrhoids are often painful when they become thrombosed. When hemorrhoid becomes thrombosed, it becomes purple-blue. Thrombosed hemorrhoids are a result of veins bulges in hemorrhoids resulting in blood clot thus, blocking the blood from flowing to hemorrhoid, leading to an extremely painful effect.
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You Can Get Rid Of Hemorrhoids Fast And Naturally
As detailed throughout this article, it is important to know how to get rid of hemorrhoids fast.
Some of the best natural methods include an Epsom salt sitz bath, cold compress, aloe vera, witch hazel, coconut oil, horse chestnut, butchers broom, psyllium husk, and essential oils like cypress and helichrysum. It is also helpful to drink plenty of water and eat a high-fiber diet and fermented foods like kefir, sauerkraut, or kimchi.
Also, be sure to remember to practice a better toilet routine, including avoiding straining, prolonged sitting on the toilet, and constipation, while also cleaning yourself thoroughly. After all, bowel movements should be smooth and without strain.
Signs That You Need To Go To The Doctor
It is time to see the doctor if the following are the case:
- You are experiencing any kind of rectal bleeding.
- The hemorrhoids are causing you pain or discomfort.
- The problems persist despite trying remedies for them.
- If you are making stools that look maroon or tarry in color. This is a sign of bleeding.
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How Are External Hemorrhoids Diagnosed
Because many of the symptoms of external hemorrhoids can also be caused by other conditions, it is necessary to have an in-depth exam. Your doctor may use a series of tests to confirm the presence of external hemorrhoids near the anus. These tests may include:
Your doctor may begin with a physical exam. In cases of external hemorrhoids, they may be able to see the hemorrhoids.
If your doctor suspects that you have internal hemorrhoids instead of external hemorrhoids, they may use an anoscopy to examine the inside of the anus. Internal hemorrhoids can also be seen with colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or proctoscopy.
Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- Why do I have hemorrhoids?
- Are there any lifestyle changes I can do that can relieve or prevent hemorrhoids?
- I saw blood on toilet paper. Is this serious?
- Are having hemorrhoids a sign of another health condition?
- Will I always have hemorrhoids?
- Is there medicine I can take for hemorrhoids? Are there side effects?
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Exercise For External Hemorrhoids
The pain experienced from external hemorrhoids can be relieved by reducing the swelling of the offending anal vein. The easiest way to do this is by improving the blood flow and an exercise that will help do this is reach for the stars which is basically an adaptation of the yoga forward bend.
How to Perform Reach for the Stars Forward Bends
What Do External Hemorrhoids Look Like
External hemorrhoids are much easier to self-diagnose because they can be seen and felt, while internal hemorrhoids tend to be less obvious.
External hemorrhoids can be described as any of the following:
- Soft lumps that appear in bunches around the anus.
- A hard, red lump protruding from the outside of the anal area.
- Mucus-covered bumps.
- Bumps that secrete blood when wiped with toilet paper.
Many symptoms of external hemorrhoids, such as pain, can also be caused by other conditions. Therefore, it is important to see a health care practitioner for a formal diagnosis.
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Treating Hemorrhoids At Home
A diet high in fiber is often the first step in helping treat hemorrhoids at home. Fiber helps make it easier for the body to pass softer stool, which causes less strain and pain. Your physician may also discuss these other home remedies:
- Take a stool softener or fiber supplement.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Try not to strain during bowel movements.
- Take a warm bath to relieve pain.
- Avoid sitting on the toilet for too long.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers.
- Try over-the-counter creams or ointments.
What Should You Know About Hemorrhoids
What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are blood vessels located in the smooth muscles of the walls of the rectum and anus. They are a normal part of the anatomy and are located at the junction where small arteries merge into veins. They are cushioned by smooth muscles and connective tissue and are classified by where they are located in relationship to the pectinate line, the dividing point between the upper 2/3 and lower 1/3 of the anus. This is an important anatomic distinction because of the type of cells that line hemorrhoid, and the nerves that provide sensation.
What are the internal and external hemorrhoids?
Internal hemorrhoids are located above the pectinate line and are covered with cells that are the same as those that line the rest of the intestines. External hemorrhoids arise below the line and are covered with cells that resemble skin.
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
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Drink Plenty Of Water
Dehydration is a potential problem associated with constipation, since fluids or water is needed for fiber to travel smoothly through the digestive system. When you dont get enough water, bowel movements become hard and difficult to pass, and this will enlarge hemorrhoids and increase pelvic pressure.
A study published in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2003 indicated that fluid loss and fluid restriction can increase constipation, which worsens hemorrhoid symptoms. When considering how to make hemorrhoids go away fast, it is recommended to drink at least one glass of water during each meal or snack daily.
How To Get Rid Of Thrombosed Hemorrhoids:
We can divide care procedure for thrombosed hemorrhoid in three broad heading.1. Home remedies which is totally natural, easy, safe and inexpensive.2. Fixation of thrombosed hemorrhoid which is a nonsurgical procedure and3. Finally surgical treatment which is the last option.
1. Home remedies for thrombosed hemorrhoid:
You will get all kinds of benefit if you take home remedies for thrombosed hemorrhoid. Doctors will suggest you home remedies at the beginning of treatment. I am going to give some extensively useful home remedies which are told by many hemorrhoids specialist.
1. Hydrate yourself:
Hydrate means to make yourself free from of any toxic which resides in your body. Try to take minimum 10 glasses of water every day. This will ease you at the time of your bowel movement. Your stool will become soften if you intake such quantity of water.
2. KEEP YOURSELF CLEAN:
The main step against hemorrhoids would be to keep yourself clean at all cost. Always clean the anus area to avoid further hassle. Thrombosed hemorrhoids are quite painful thats why clean with soft hand . Use wet tissue paper to clean the area and try to clean the area with soft cloth, mild soap and warm water.
3. APPLICATION OF CREAM OR OINTMENT:
You will find huge options in terms of ointment to use in the anus area. Use the ointment which is recommended by your doctor. Application of ointment will soothe your inflamed skin. This will give you relief from the irritation or itchiness.
5. ALOE VERA:
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Alabama Colon & Rectal Institute Is Centered Around Treating Diseases Of The Colon Rectum And Anus
Alabama Colon & Rectal Institute has been in practice since 1990 as a free standing, private practice located in downtown Birmingham, Alabama. We are known for our efficiency and patient care, in a more relaxed office-based setting. Our doctors are known regionally for their expertise and are active in teaching surgical residents and other physicians. We are also a major sponsor of The Rumpshaker 5K, a race that promotes awareness about colorectal cancer. Check out our website for more information, or give us a call to make an appointment at 458-5000, or email us at .
Effective Treatment Of External Hemorrhoid Symptoms
If you have external hemorrhoidal symptoms, the CRH System can likely help. Most of these external symptoms actually come from the internal hemorrhoids. For those patients whose symptoms include external hemorrhoidal swelling banding of the internal hemorrhoids is typically an effective treatment! Patients will often see a significant decrease in the size of their external hemorrhoids after treatment, along with decreased swelling with straining and bowel movements! Surgery is needed only in the most severe cases in fact, around 90% of patients with external complaints are helped with internal banding.
Some patients with external symptoms will be found to have an anal fissure in addition to their hemorrhoids. These fissures, or tears of the lining of the anus, can cause significant pain and bleeding. Typically patients with anal fissures are given topical medication for this problem, while the CRH System is able to treat the patients associated hemorrhoids.
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Can Hemorrhoids Turn Into Skin Tags
Since hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels, when they shrink, they may leave behind skin thats stretched out which eventually turns into a skin tag. Find out the difference between skin tags and hemorrhoids here.
Skin tags are painless, soft, benign growths on the skin that are commonly found in skin folds. They are very common and the estimate is that about half of all adults have one or more of them. Other types of skin tags develop as a result of skin rubbing against the other in areas in the body with folds like the armpits, eyelids, underneath the breasts, or the neck.
What Causes Internal And External Hemorrhoids And Simple Ways To Treat Them
Hemorrhoids are usually caused by increased pressure due to pregnancy, being overweight, or straining during bowel movements. By midlife, hemorrhoids often become an ongoing complaint. By age 50, about half the population has experienced one or more of the classic symptoms, which include rectal pain, itching, bleeding, and possibly prolapse . Although hemorrhoids are rarely dangerous, they can be a recurrent and painful intrusion. Fortunately, there’s a lot we can do about hemorrhoids.
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Causes And Risk Factors Of Hemorrhoids
You may be more likely to get hemorrhoids if other family members, like your parents, had them.
Pressure building up in your lower rectum can affect blood flow and make the veins there swell. That may happen from:
- Pushing during bowel movements
- Anal sex
People who stand or sit for long stretches of time are at greater risk, too.
What Is Stapled Hemrroidectomy
The following are pictures of the stapled hemorrhoidectomy procedure.
- Picture of Hollow Tube Inserted into the Anal Canal and Pushing up the Hemorrhoids
- Picture of Internal Hemorrhoids in Anal Canal
- Picture of Suturing the Anal Canal through the Hollow Tube
- Picture of Bringing Expanded Hemorrhoidal Supporting Tissue into the Hollow Tube by pulling On Suture
- Picture of Hemorrhoids Pulled Back Above Anal Canal after Stapling and Removal of Hemorrhoidal Supporting Tissue
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How Do Doctors Treat Hemorrhoids
Doctors treat hemorrhoids with procedures during an office visit or in an outpatient center or a hospital.
Office treatments include the following:
- Rubber band ligation. Rubber band ligation is a procedure that doctors use to treat bleeding or prolapsing internal hemorrhoids. A doctor places a special rubber band around the base of the hemorrhoid. The band cuts off the blood supply. The banded part of the hemorrhoid shrivels and falls off, most often within a week. Scar tissue forms in the remaining part of the hemorrhoid, often shrinking the hemorrhoid. Only a doctor should perform this procedureyou should never try this treatment yourself.
- Sclerotherapy. A doctor injects a solution into an internal hemorrhoid, which causes scar tissue to form. The scar tissue cuts off the blood supply, often shrinking the hemorrhoid.
- Infrared photocoagulation. A doctor uses a tool that directs infrared light at an internal hemorrhoid. Heat created by the infrared light causes scar tissue to form, which cuts off the blood supply, often shrinking the hemorrhoid.
- Electrocoagulation. A doctor uses a tool that sends an electric current into an internal hemorrhoid. The electric current causes scar tissue to form, which cuts off the blood supply, often shrinking the hemorrhoid.
Outpatient center or hospital treatments include the following:
Sometimes complications of hemorrhoids also require treatment.