When To Call Your Doctor About Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
If you experience any bleeding, be sure to see your doctor. It could be it’s the hemorrhoids bleeding or it may be an anal fissure . But it’s best to check in with your practitioner just to be safe.
From the What to Expect editorial team and Heidi Murkoff, author of What to Expect When You’re Expecting. What to Expect follows strict reporting guidelines and uses only credible sources, such as peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and highly respected health organizations. Learn how we keep our content accurate and up-to-date by reading our medical review and editorial policy.
Vary Your Activity Level
Sitting or standing for long periods of time places added pressure on the pelvis during pregnancy and can lead to the development or worsening of hemorrhoids. If you are required to sit at a desk for hours at a time, try to stand up every 30 minutes or so to stretch and walk around.
If, on the other hand, you need to stand on your feet for long periods of time , ask for a bar-height stool to sit on.
Whats The Best Method To Treat Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
- Apple Cider Vinegar Using apple cider vinegar is among the most popular natural treatments for hemorrhoids. Merely soak a cotton ball or some toilet tissue with ACV and use it to the hemorrhoid area. Repeat this procedure till the inflammation disappears and symptoms deal with. Alternatively, include some ACV to a sits bath.
- Rutin A health-promoting substance discovered in many plants such as buckwheat, apple, oranges, grapefruit, lemon, cranberries, and asparagus, rutin is another home remedy typically used for hemorrhoids.
- Aloe Vera As with the above treatments, just use aloe vera to the affected area to relieve symptoms.
- Squat, Dont Sit This is actually greatly crucial and extremely neglected. Standard toilets are extremely abnormal, and might be one reason hemorrhoids are seldom seen in less industrialized nations, where squatting is done when going to the restroom. Taking a seat to pass a defecation puts remarkable strain on the rectum while squatting straightens the rectum and relaxes the puborectalis muscle. This is suggestion should be done in addition to any home remedies for hemorrhoids you may use.
Read Also: Is Preparation H Good For Hemorrhoids
Treatment Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
Most forms of the condition can be successfully treated by increasing fibre content in the diet, administering stool softeners, increasing liquid intake, anti-hemorrhoidal analgesics, and training in toilet habits. However, most evidence of the efficacy of therapeutic alternatives for hemorrhoids is gained from studies performed in non-pregnant patients.
A recent systematic review of both published and unpublished randomized controlled trials, which included the enrolment of more than 350 patients, showed that laxatives in the form of fibre had a beneficial effect in the treatment of symptomatic hemorrhoids. Decreased straining during bowel movements shrinks internal hemorrhoidal veins, resulting in a reduction of symptoms. Bathing with warm water usually relieves anorectal pain. Suppositories and ointments that contain local anesthetics, mild astringents, or steroids are available.
More aggressive therapies, such as sclerotherapy, cryotherapy, or surgery, are reserved for patients who have persistent symptoms after 1 month of conservative therapy. Some recent studies have shown the effectiveness of botulinum toxin injections as a treatment for chronic anal fissure and hemorrhoids. Because of its mechanism of action, however, botulinum toxin is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.
What Causes Hemorrhoids In Pregnant Women
In general, hemorrhoids can be caused by a variety of factors like straining during bowel movements, sitting on the toilet too long, the overuse of laxatives, or even lifting heavy objects. Chronic constipation and chronic diarrhea are also potential causes, mostly because of regularly straining and wiping associated with irregular bowel movements. Also, one of the reasons they affect half of people over 50 is that aging weakens the tissues and muscles that surround and support the rectum and anus.
For pregnant women, hemorrhoids tend to show up during the third trimester, when the fetus is larger and puts pressure on the pelvic floor and many of the organs of the digestive system. This pressure is especially notable on the perineum, the space between the anus and the vulva. As the fetus grows and the body prepares for childbirth, the combination of increased blood flow to the area and the pressure of the fetus weight can cause them to swell and become inflamed.
Read Also: How Do I Get Rid Of My Hemorrhoids
What Treatments Can You Get From Your Doctor
Treating hemorrhoids involves a combination of reducing symptoms and preventing them from coming back. If your hemorrhoids dont respond to at-home treatments and the cause is constipation-related, your doctor may recommend taking laxatives or stool softeners, which make stool easier to pass.
When youre pregnant, its always best to get the go-ahead from your doctor before taking a medication, even if its available over-the-counter.
According to the journal , there havent been many studies about the safety of laxatives in pregnancy. However, because of the way many of the treatments work , doctors usually regard them as safe.
- bulk-forming agents, such as bran and psyllium
- stool softeners, such as docusate sodium
However, its important to be aware of the side effects of any medications you may take. For example, some of the medications can cause lots of fluid losses through your stool. As a result, you may need to up your water intake to prevent dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.
While there are surgical treatments for hemorrhoids, your doctor wont usually recommend any type of surgical approach while youre pregnant. Ideally, after you have your baby, your hemorrhoid symptoms should improve.
For most expectant moms, some at-home steps can help to reduce hemorrhoids and their symptoms. Some examples include:
Always check with your doctor before upping your exercise routine to ensure you can exercise safely during your pregnancy.
What Else Can I Do To Get Relief
- Use an ice bag to the afflicted area a number of times a day. Ice may help decrease swelling and discomfort.
- Soak your bottom in warm water in a tub for 10 to 15 minutes a few times every day.
- Try alternating cold and warm treatments.
- Carefully but completely tidy the afflicted area after each defecation using soft, unscented, white bathroom tissue, which causes less irritation than colored, aromatic ranges.
- Dampening the tissue can help, too. Numerous women discover using premoistened wipes more comfortable than using toilet paper.
- Ask your healthcare specialist to suggest a safe topical anesthetic or medicated suppository. There are numerous hemorrhoid-relief products on the marketplace, however consult your specialist before trying one by yourself. Most of these products ought to be used for no more than a week. Continued use can cause a lot more inflammation.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Best Home Treatment For Hemorrhoids
How Long Does A Hemorrhoid Surgery Last
Procedures that restrict the blood supply to a hemorrhoid require several days afterward for the hemorrhoid to fall off. The wound can then take 1 to 2 weeks to fully heal. Hemorrhoid banding can take two to four procedures to remove a hemorrhoid entirely. The procedures are usually 6 to 8 weeks apart.
Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy: Causes And Prevention
Unfortunately, hemorrhoids during pregnancy are common. Hemorrhoids are varicose veins of the rectum and are usually painful. They most often appear during the third trimester.
What causes hemorrhoids when you are pregnant?
Hemorrhoids are related to constipation. Constipation combined with increased pressure on the rectum and perineum is the primary reason that women experience these. Prolonged standing may also be a factor contributing to hemorrhoids.
What can you do to treat hemorrhoids when you are pregnant?
The good news is that the problem usually improves after the baby is born. In the meantime, there are a number of things you can do to treat hemorrhoids.
The following may help relieve hemorrhoids:
- Place baking soda on the area to reduce itching
- Take a warm bath with baking soda in the water
- Use witch hazel to reduce swelling or bleeding
- Avoid sitting for long periods
- Use Tucks Medicated Pads
What can you do to prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy?
The best thing to do to prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy is to avoid getting constipated. If you are constipated, avoid straining during bowel movements.
Try the following to prevent constipation:
- Do not delay going to the bathroom
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Know what foods you need to avoid while pregnant
ALWAYS check with your health care provider before taking any medication for hemorrhoids.
Recommended Reading: Can Ice Cubes Help Hemorrhoids
Should I Go To The Doctor If I Think I Have Hemorrhoids
If you suspect you have hemorrhoids, mention it at your next ob/gyn or midwife appointment. Dont be embarrassedtheyve seen this many times. Its crucial to raise the issue if youve seen blood, says Zaltz, because there can be other, more serious causes of bleeding. Want to know sooner? Grab a mirror. If theyre the external kind, youll be able to see them around the opening of your anus. Internal hemorrhoids should be looked at by a doctor. Treat the symptoms Though hemorrhoids cant be cured, the symptoms can be treated until the hemorrhoids go away on their own. Brenshaws case appeared seven months into her pregnancy, and she was told to manage her symptoms until after delivery. For most women, thats the case. They probably wont completely disappear until after the baby is born, warns Zaltz.
If youre still struggling with discomfort once youve increased your fibre and water intake, Ottawa-based pharmacist Shelita Dattani suggests talking to your doctor about using an over-the-counter hemorrhoid product containing pramoxine, which relieves pain. Soaking in a bath with witch hazel or Epsom salts will ease discomfort. An OTC stool softener may also help.
Discussing hemorrhoids isnt funso even if the topic doesnt come up in your prenatal class, know that a few of the women in the group are probably struggling too. Its not a subject people openly talk about, says Brenshaw. They probably prefer to talk about their kids poops, not their own.
Every Time You Go To The Bathroom
Recommended Reading: How To Shrink Internal Hemorrhoids
Key Points About Hemorrhoids And Varicose Veins In Pregnancy
Both hemorrhoids and varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins. These veins are often in the legs, but when they form in the rectum, they are called hemorrhoids.
Many normal changes in pregnancy can increase the risk for hemorrhoids and varicose veins.
Hemorrhoids and varicose veins in pregnancy are a short-term problem, and they get better after your baby is born.
You can do things to ease the discomfort they can cause. These include sitz baths, ice packs or cold compresses to reduce swelling, and creams or other medicines, such as stool softeners, your healthcare provider may recommend.
The best way to help prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy is to prevent constipation. If you are constipated, don’t strain during bowel movements.
Tips To Prevent Or Treat Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
Hemorrhoid during pregnancy is one of the most common symptoms, mainly in the last two trimesters of pregnancy, and if you are one of those mommies who suffer from constipation. In this post, I am going to give you a list of tips that you can implement today to prevent or treat hemorrhoids during pregnancy in a natural way.
Sharing is caring!
Hemorrhoids are varicose veins in the rectum. Theyre also known as piles because of the resemblance these swollen veins sometimes bear to a pile of grapes or marbles.
There are two types of hemorrhoids the symptoms will depend on what type of hemorrhoids you are having.
- Pain, mainly with bowel movement.
- Bleeding, mainly with bowel movement.
- A palpable bulging area around the anus.
The causes of hemorrhoids during pregnancy are:
As your baby grows inside your belly, the uterus gets bigger and begins to press against all the organs and structures adjacent to it. This growth puts a lot of pressure on the veins near your anus and rectum, and these veins will become swollen and painful as a result. The increase in the hormone progesterone during pregnancy can also contribute to the development of hemorrhoids, as it relaxes the walls of your veins, making them more prone to swelling. An increase in blood volume, which enlarges veins, can also contribute to hemorrhoids during pregnancy.
Here is what you can do to prevent hemorrhoids naturally.
My latest video.
Recommended Reading: Do Suppositories Help Heal Hemorrhoids
What Causes Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
Pressure from your enlarging uterus starting around week 25, plus increased blood flow to the pelvic area, can cause the veins in the rectal wall to swell, bulge and itch.
Constipation can aggravate, or even cause, hemorrhoids .
Hemorrhoids may also develop postpartum as a result of pushing during labor.
What Are The Signs Of Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids develop when the veins in and around the anus become swollen due to the pressure caused by the weight of your pregnant uterus. The most common symptoms are anal itching and burning, and pain when you poo. Internal hemorrhoids will bleed when a hard bowel movement passes over the swollen veins. External hemorrhoids appear as swollen, bluish-coloured lumps on the outside of the anus and are painful but usually dont bleed.
Hemorrhoids tend to show up either in your first trimester or your last. In the first couple of months of pregnancy, women tend to become constipated due to hormonal changes. They strain, and we know straining is a risk factor for the development of hemorrhoids, says Arthur Zaltz, chief of obstetrics and gynaecology, and head of the Women and Babies program at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto. In the final trimester of pregnancy, he says, your heavy uterus puts pressure on nearby veins, causing tiny clumps of blood vessels in and around the rectum to bulge.
Recommended Reading: What Is Grade 1 Internal Hemorrhoids
How To Prevent Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy
Avoiding constipation is key to preventing hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Here are some tips for preventing constipation:
Eat lots of high-fiber foods. There are plenty of good ways to incorporate more fiber into your diet. Fiber-filled foods include fruits like pears , avocados, and berries vegetables such as broccoli, artichokes, and Brussels sprouts whole grains such as oatmeal, brown rice, quinoa, and even popcorn legumes including various kinds of beans, lentils, and green peas and dont forget nuts and seeds.
Drink plenty of fluids. Aim for 10 8-ounce glasses of water each day.
Use the toilet as soon as you feel the urge. Holding it in can contribute to constipation.
Try not to sit or stand for long periods of time. If you sit down at work, make sure to get up and walk around for a few minutes every hour. At home, try to rest on your side when reading or watching TV, to relieve downward pressure on your rectal veins.
Ask your doctor about using a stool softener. This can help if other methods fail to ease your constipation. Using laxative pills for constipation is not recommended during pregnancy, as they can cause dehydration and might stimulate uterine contractions.
Identify the right muscles by stopping urination midstream. .
Once you know which muscles to use, tighten them and hold the contraction for five seconds. Then relax for five seconds. Work up to holding the contraction for 10 seconds. Try to do at least three sets of 10 reps a day.
Do You Need To See A Doctor
You dont usually need to see a doctor for hemorrhoids. Natural remedies will usually take care of them in a few days.
If youve tried all the aforementioned remedies and pregnancy hemorrhoids symptoms persist, call your midwife or doctor.
If you have severe symptoms like more than a smear of blood, a lump on the rectum, or have rectal pain, call your midwife or doctor.
Recommended Reading: How To Soothe Hemorrhoids After Birth
Hemorrhoid Treatment During Pregnancy
If youre experiencing hemorrhoids, we understand that what you really want to know is how to get rid of them. Lets take a look at several at-home remedies for treating hemorrhoids.
Baking Soda: Baking soda will help reduce itching when applied to the affected area, you can also take a bath and add baking soda to the water.
Stay Active: Keep your blood flowing by refraining from sitting for long periods at a time.
Hygiene: After each bowel movement, clean the affected area thoroughly. You can use wet wipes infused with witch hazel which will help with inflammation.
Always consult with your physician before trying at-home remedies to make sure its safe for you and your baby.
What Causes Pregnancy Hemorrhoids
Its estimated that nearly 50% of pregnant women develop hemorrhoids during their pregnancy. Here are some common causes of pregnancy hemorrhoids:
As your uterus grows with your baby, it can often press against your pelvis, which creates added pressure on the veins around your anus and rectum. This pressure can cause hemorrhoids.
Another cause of pregnancy hemorrhoids can be an increase of the progesterone hormone during pregnancy, since progesterone can relax your veins and make them more prone to swelling.
Pregnancy hemorrhoids can also be caused by the constipation that is common for women during pregnancy.
Another possible cause of hemorrhoids during pregnancy is straining from carrying extra weight during pregnancy.
Recommended Reading: Are There Prescriptions For Hemorrhoids