What Are Hemorrhoids Exactly
Hemorrhoids, a.k.a. piles, are swollen, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. And you’re not weird if you ’em. Not at all.
Hemorrhoids are normal anatomy, like having hands, says Jeffery Nelson, M.D., a colorectal surgeon and surgical director of The Center for Inflammatory Bowel and Colorectal Diseases at Mercy Medical Center in Baltimore. Everyone has hemorrhoidal tissue.
There are two types: Internal hemorrhoids form in the lining of the anus and lower rectum, while external hemorrhoids form under the skin around the anus, per the NIDDK.
What Do Hemorrhoid Bands Look Like
Hemorrhoid bands are those that are placed on the base of problematic hemorrhoids, cutting off blood supply and forcing the hemorrhoid to fall off.
The bands themselves are small and are installed on the bottom of a hemorrhoid with a specialized application tool by your doctor.
Hemorrhoid bands are usually black, and available in different sizes and materials, like rubber or silicone.
This technique is non-operative and is successful in relieving chronic internal hemorrhoid conditions.
After rubber band ligation, patients may feel some pain and discomfort, bleeding from the anal opening, and the hemorrhoid will fall off in about seven to ten days.
Do Hemorrhoids Look Like Blisters
Although it is not uncommon to confuse a hemorrhoid for a blister, there are noticeable differences. Blisters develop on the surface of the skin , while hemorrhoids originate from below the skin.
They form noticeably different lumps.
Another way to tell the difference between a hemorrhoid and a blister is the size.
While some hemorrhoids can be as small as a pea, most blisters do not get any larger than the size of a pea. Blisters have a thin membrane and are only located on the surface of the skin.
If it feels as though the lump has a mucus protective membrane and originates from deeper below the skin, chances are you are dealing with a hemorrhoid and not a blister.
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Symptoms Of Prolapsed Internal Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids prolapse when their blood vessels swell and extend from their location in the rectum through the anus. In the anal canal, the hemorrhoid is exposed to the trauma of passing stool, particularly hard stools associated with constipation. The trauma can cause bleeding and sometimes pain when stool passes.
The presence of
- inflammation, and
- constant moisture
can lead to anal itchiness , and occasionally the constant feeling of needing to have a bowel movement. The prolapsing hemorrhoid usually returns into the anal canal or rectum on its own or can be pushed back inside with a finger, but falls out again with the next bowel movement.
Some Symptoms Of Internal Hemorrhoids Are Used To Medically Classify Them Into Grades:
- Grade 1 hemorrhoids do not prolapse, may bleed.
- Grade 2 prolapse pop out when straining, but then go back in of their own accord they may bleed.
- Grade 3 pop out when straining, tend to bleed more and have to be gently pushed back in.
- Grade 4 hemorrhoids are showing all the time and bleed much more.
So, if your doctor starts talking about your hemorrhoids as a specific grade, youll have an idea of what he is on about, as well as the hemorrhoid symptoms he used to make the grading. Grading them is important to your doctor, as it allows him to suggest which medical treatment may be best.
External hemorrhoids are not graded. If the external ones are small and or do not cause any symptoms, your doctor will mostly just prefer to leave them alone. If they are troublesome to you, he may discuss dietary suggestions and creams. If that doesnât work, there are surgical options that you can consider â have a look at hemorrhoid surgery.
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What Does A Small Hemorrhoid Look Like
Many small hemorrhoids go undetected. Internal hemorrhoids that are small are not visible. They may bleed during bowel movements, this being the only indication that you have hemorrhoids.
External hemorrhoids that are small may still go undetected. They form as pillow-like, soft lumps around the opening of the anus. Usually, internal hemorrhoids that have not prolapsed exhibit little to no hemorrhoid pain.
It is common for a thrombosed hemorrhoid to burst and bleed. The clot will usually only bleed for about 10 seconds.
They often go away on their own without treatment. It is not until an external hemorrhoid becomes increasingly prolapsed that they can be easily felt or seen. Small hemorrhoids have been compared to the size of a pea.
What Does Female Hemorrhoids Look Like On Photos
The most common female piles is manifested by varicose veins. To imagine what female hemorrhoids look like , first of all, one should know at least the basics of anatomy taught at school. Rectum as the end part of the intestine, carries a tremendous load. A thick venous network runs throughout the rectum. Flowing slowly enough, the blood can sometimes stagnate, expanding the vessels and forming piles. In the lumen of the veins, arteries can be observed.
What do female piles look like and what do hemorrhoids look like in man there is no gender difference. A small difference occurs only in the causes of the disease. A lot of factors affect how hemorrhoids manifest in women. This list of trigger factors includes a period of fetal gestation, delivery, stress, lifting heavy weights and more. Female hemorrhoids are mainly caused by intense weight loss or a long sitting at the computer.
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Is A Hemorrhoid Hard
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What Do Hemorrhoids Look Like And The 4 Grades Of Internal Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are caused by stagnation or a block in the flow of blood in the anal and rectal areas, causing veins to be inflamed. They are an embarrassing and painful condition to have. Its important to learn about what hemorrhoids look like and the 4 grades of internal hemorrhoids to have a better grasp of the condition and to know what to do. Depending on the gravity of the condition, a person who suffers from hemorrhoids can either opt to self-medicate using alternate cures or herbal medicines, or to use creams, or have a visit with the doctor.
There are two kinds of hemorrhoids and it is essential to know these two types to better handle the condition, as well as, provide proper treatment for the patient.
External hemorrhoids are more painful than internal hemorrhoids. They usually occur in the anus itself. When a person eliminates waste and he has an external hemorrhoid, the hemorrhoid would usually prolapse and the person can see and feel it. The size of an external hemorrhoid can vary greatly. It ranges from being pea-sized to the extremes of being the size of a golf ball. The common size of a hemorrhoid is that of a grape. Sometimes, external hemorrhoids can occur in groups. Recovery time can vary depending on the size and number of hemorrhoids.
THE FOUR GRADES OF INTERNAL HEMORRHOIDS
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Does A Hemorrhoid Feel Like A Ball
A thrombosed hemorrhoid will appear as a lump at the anal verge, protruding from the anus, and will be dark bluish in color because of the blood clot contained inside the swollen blood vessel. Non-thrombosed hemorrhoids will appear as a rubbery lump. Often more than one swollen hemorrhoid appears at the same time.
Hemorrhoids Treatment: Rubber Band Ligation
The principle of rubber band ligation is to encircle the base of the hemorrhoidal clump with a tight rubber band. The tissue cut off by the rubber band dies, and is replaced by an ulcer that heals with scarring.
A similar procedure was described in 460 BC by the Greek physician Hippocrates:
And hemorrhoids you may treat by transfixing them with a needle and tying them with very thick and woolen thread, for application, and do not foment until they drop off, and always leave one behind and when the patient recovers, let him be put on a course of Hellebore.
Rubber band ligation can be used with first-, second-, and third-degree hemorrhoids, and may be more effective than sclerotherapy. Symptoms frequently recur several years later, but usually can be treated with further ligation.
The most common complication of ligation is pain. However, bleeding one or two weeks after ligation or bacterial infection in the tissues surrounding the hemorrhoids may occur.
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What Shrinks Hemorrhoids Fast
Remedy at home
- Consume foods that are rich in nutrition. Increase the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Topical therapies should be used. Using a hydrocortisone-based over-the-counter hemorrhoid cream or suppository, or pads containing witch hazel or a numbing agent.
- Soak in a warm bath or sitz bath on a daily basis.
- Take pain relievers by mouth.
Will A Hard Hemorrhoid Go Away
The pain of thrombosed hemorrhoids should improve within 7 to 10 days without surgery. Regular hemorrhoids should shrink within a week. It may take a couple of weeks for the lump to completely go down. You should be able to resume most activities right away.
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Signs Of External Hemorrhoids
External hemorrhoids are swellings that form under the anal skin and become prominent on or around the outside of the anus. Signs and symptoms that a person may have external hemorrhoids include:
- Lumps around the anus
- Itching around the anus, i.e. pruritus ani
- Discomfort due to sensations felt around the anus
- Bleeding from the anus during and after bowel movement
- A feeling of not having fully evacuated the bowels
- Difficulty fully cleaning the anus after bowel movement
- Discharge of mucus or feces
External hemorrhoids have the following characteristics:
- A small lump just outside the anus
- A rubbery texture
- Skin colored or reddish appearance
- There may be more than one
What Are Mild Hemorrhoid Symptoms
Many sufferers often complain of itching, a burning feeling, and pain when it comes to having mild hemorrhoids. People with mild hemorrhoids have difficulty using the bathroom as they usually would, which also makes sitting down a painful and challenging task.
People with mild hemorrhoids will want to avoid engaging in straining or putting themselves through rigorous activities, like specific exercises. The friction of moving around can worsen the tender and sensitive lumps near the anus.
For mild external hemorrhoids, you will likely be subject to these symptoms:
- Painful, aching lumps around the anus
- Rectal and anal burning
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What Do Internal Hemorrhoids Feel Like
By | Submitted On September 30, 2008
Hemorrhoids are a disorder much prevalent in urban areas these days with varying intensities. It’s more of a life style related disease caused by imbalanced dietary habits, sleeping and resting habits, and personal health and hygiene habits. In this particular disorder the veins connecting the anus and the rectum become enlarged forming a cushion of tissues which is swollen in an abnormal condition. Often the cushion of tissues is red in color and bulging out as a distinct mass causing to itching, irritation and pain. These hemorrhoids can also bleed a lot in severe cases.
Hemorrhoids are of two kinds: external hemorrhoids and internal hemorrhoids. External ones are those located exactly outside the anal opening. They are easy to detect and cause a lot of pain while defecating and otherwise since the outer anal opening has pain receptors. The internal hemorrhoids do not give an indication of pain initially. The only indication that they give is that the stool may be stained at times with blood. The inside of the anal opening doesn’t have pain receptors and thus it is difficult to detect internal ones in their initial stages.
Best Hemorrhoids Treatment Products -> Hemorrhoids Treatment Products
Home remedies for internal hemorrhoids -> Home remedies
Can Natural Home Remedies Treat And Prevent Hemorrhoids
Regardless of the size or swelling of a hemorrhoid, no treatment is required if symptoms do not exist. Prevention is perhaps the most effective treatment. Diet and adequate hydration are very important to maintain normal bowel movements. Hemorrhoid symptoms can occur with the passage of hard stool and constipation, as well as diarrhea and frequent bowel movements. People with constipation may require a high-fiber diet, adequate hydration, and stool softeners. Those with too frequent bowel movements may require antidiarrheal medications and diet adjustments. These preventive measures decrease the amount of straining that is required to have a bowel movement, thus decreasing the pressure within the blood vessels to prevent swelling. The internal hemorrhoid always stays protruded or prolapsed and is at risk for thrombosis or strangulation should the anal muscles go into spasm.
Grade 1 hemorrhoids are treated symptomatically. There can be some spasm of the anal muscles. Warm sitz baths, sitting in a warm tub for 20 minutes, two or three times a day may be helpful. Avoiding spicy food may also prevent anal itching. Over-the-counter medications may be helpful.
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Are Hard Hemorrhoids Painful
We talked about the dentate line, which is an important concept to understand when it comes to hemorrhoid pain.
Hard hemorrhoids are external hemorrhoids, and yes, they are unfortunately painful and can even be life hindering. It seems like daily activities that were once normal become challenging to engage in with hard external hemorrhoids.
External hemorrhoids are below the dentate line, surrounded and covered in nerves that feed rich blood to your perianal area. When these arteries and network of veins become inflamed, the nerves will be the first to let you know how painful it is.
Going to the bathroom will increase the pain you feel with hard hemorrhoids. Passing hard stools in a difficult bowel movement can worsen the pain as well. Constipation and straining go hand-in-hand in causing hemorrhoid flare-ups and producing hard lumps.
Your rectal veins work overtime to pump the blood to the needed area, and because of constipation and straining, inflammation can occur, developing hard external hemorrhoid lumps or worsening already existing symptoms.
The hard hemorrhoid bumps can become thrombosed. Blood clots can get trapped in the already aching anal masses. Thrombosed hemorrhoids can increase in size, become even more sensitive to the touch, and also burst if the pressure becomes too much.
What Do External And Internal Hemorrhoids Look Like
Normal hemorrhoidal tissue cannot be seen since they must first swell and become inflamed or develop a clot to cause symptoms. One can see swollen external hemorrhoids or internal prolapsed hemorrhoids exposed outside the anus but internal hemorrhoids cannot be seen because they remain inside the anus. A thrombosed hemorrhoid will appear as a lump at the anal verge, protruding from the anus, and will be dark bluish in color because of the blood clot contained inside the swollen blood vessel. Non-thrombosed hemorrhoids will appear as a rubbery lump. Often more than one swollen hemorrhoid appears at the same time.
How Hemorrhoids Are Diagnosed By Your Doctor
See your doctor if you think you might have hemorrhoids, especially if you notice bleeding from your anus or rectum, or have bloody stools. Your doctor will want to rule out more serious problems that can cause bleeding from the anus or rectum, such as cancer.
Hemorrhoid symptoms may also be similar to those of other anal and rectal problems, including anal fissures, abscesses, warts, and polyps.
Your doctor will ask about your medical history and will ask you to describe your symptoms. Questions about your eating habits, toilet habits, and enema and laxative use are likely to come up.
Your doctor will also perform a physical exam to look for lumps or swelling, prolapsed internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, skin irritation, skin tags, and anal fissures, which are small tears in the anus that can result in itching and bleeding. This will involve a visual examination of the area.
Your doctor may also perform a rectal exam to diagnose internal hemorrhoids, check the muscle tone of your anus, and check for blood in the stool. This is done with a gloved, lubricated finger and a tool called an anoscope.
An anoscope is a type of endoscope a hollow, lighted tube that is inserted a few inches into the anus to help the doctor see any problems inside the lining of the rectum. This procedure is performed in the doctors office and doesnt require anesthesia.
Your doctor may also recommend additional tests to rule out other causes of bleeding, especially if you are over age 40.
Worsening Of Your Itching And Irritation
External hemorrhoids develop under the highly sensitive skin near your anus. With this type of hemorrhoid, you may experience itching, burning, and general irritation. By comparison, internal hemorrhoids, which develop inside your rectum underneath the sensitive tissue, dont cause physical discomfort but may cause you to have blood in your stool.
If your external hemorrhoid develops a blood clot and becomes thrombosed, you may notice a worsening of your symptoms. On a scale of 1-10, your discomfort level may jump from a 3 to a 10.
Thrombosed hemorrhoids develop quickly, and discomfort tends to worsen during the first 48 hours and then improve slightly.
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