How Are Haemorrhoids Treated During Pregnancy
Because constipation worsens haemorrhoids, treatment options centre around preventing or managing constipation, or reducing pain associated with haemorrhoids.
Treatment options include the following:
- Lifestyle changes having a diet high in fibre and drinking lots of water will help ensure you dont need to strain on the toilet. External haemorrhoids can be treated by placing an icepack on the affected area to reduce swelling. Taking a warm bath may also help to reduce the pain.
- Laxatives these help ease any straining associated with constipation. They help you pass bowel movements more easily.
- Pain relief medicine paracetamol can help address pain associated with sore, swollen veins, and can be taken during pregnancy. Be sure to follow the directions for use.
- Haemorrhoid creams help address itchiness, pain or inflammation, and contain active ingredients such as corticosteroids or local anaesthetics.
Avoiding constipation is the best way you can reduce your chance of haemorrhoids. A healthy gut helps stop you from straining during a bowel movement. Eat a diet high in fruit, vegetables and wholegrains, and drink plenty of water.
Also Check: Is It Painful To Have Hemorrhoids Removed
Getting Help For Hemorrhoid Symptoms
You should seek treatment for hemorrhoid symptoms if:
- You have rectal bleeding for the first time.
- You have heavy rectal bleeding.
- You have rectal bleeding that is not responding to home care.
- You have other hemorrhoid symptoms, such as pain, pressure, itching, and burning, that do not respond to home care after a few days.
- You have hemorrhoid symptoms along with other symptoms such as fever, weight loss, abdominal pain, or a change in bowel habits.
Hemorrhoids are common, but hemorrhoids symptoms that do not clear up quickly with home care or that keep coming back do need to be evaluated, Hall says. The best place to start is with your primary caregiver. In many cases, a primary caregiver can make the right diagnosis and start you on the best treatment. If you need a diagnostic evaluation by a specialist, you may be sent to a gastroenterologist or a colon and rectal surgeon. If you need any surgical treatment, it should be done by a colon and rectal surgeon.
Knowing the differential diagnosis of hemorrhoid symptoms can help you prevent a minor complaint from becoming a serious problem.
Hemorrhoid Symptoms: What To Look For
Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels that form in your lower rectum, usually as a result of excess strain. This strain can be caused by constipation, hard bowel movements, pregnancy, or jobs or other activities that involve long periods of sitting or standing. Being overweight or obese can also increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids, since the extra weight around your torso increases the pressure on your lower belly and bowels. Internal hemorrhoids form inside your rectum, while external hemorrhoids form in the skin around your anus. Sometimes, a clot will form in the hemorrhoid area, causing whats called a thrombosed hemorrhoid .
As noted, rectal bleeding can be a symptom of a hemorrhoid, but not all hemorrhoids bleed. When bleeding does occur, the blood will be bright red. Darker blood typically indicates a problem somewhere in your colon or small intestine. Since bleeding can also be a sign of rectal or colon cancer, it’s always a good idea to have bleeding evaluated by one of our team to determine what’s causing it.
Don’t Miss: How Big Can Hemorrhoids Get
When Youre At Greater Risk
Hemorrhoids definitely have a genetic component. If you had parents with the swollen veins, youll likely develop them at some point, too. If youre obese or do a lot of heavy lifting, hemorrhoids can develop. If you experience chronic constipation or strain often during bowel movements, you may end up with hemorrhoids. Pregnancy can also be a time at which youre more susceptible to developing hemorrhoids.
How To Treat An Infected Hemorrhoid
An antibiotic, such as doxycycline , is used to treat an infected hemorrhoid or infected tissue caused by a procedure to remove a hemorrhoid.
Antibiotics prescribed for peritonitis include cefepime and imipenem . The specific type of antibiotic youre prescribed will depend on the severity of your infection and any problems or allergies you may have with certain medications.
Surgery to remove infected tissue around the hemorrhoid, or tissue within the abdomen , may be necessary in severe cases. This is called debridement and can help the body heal from an infection.
In addition to medications and possible surgical procedures, home remedies may help relieve symptoms. These include:
- ice packs or cold compresses around your anus
- oral pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen
- pads that contain a numbing agent.
Also, adjusting your diet can lead to less straining during bowel movements. A diet that includes high-fiber foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, can help keep your stool soft and add bulk and reduce straining.
Always check with your doctor before trying any type of home treatment. You dont want to risk spreading the infection or interfering with the medical treatment youre receiving.
The best way to prevent an infected hemorrhoid is to avoid getting any kind of hemorrhoid. In addition to a high-fiber diet 20 to 35 grams daily and plenty of fluids, you can help prevent hemorrhoids by:
You May Like: How To Get Rid Of External Hemorrhoids
What Causes Infected Hemorrhoids
In some cases, certain types of hemorrhoids and hemorrhoid treatments can lead to infections.
Hemorrhoids are more likely to become infected when healthy blood flow to the area is restricted. Healthy blood flow to the rectal area means a steady supply of white blood cells and certain proteins that are part of the immune system. This helps lower the risk of infection.
Internal hemorrhoids seldom become infected. An internal hemorrhoid is one that forms in the rectum. This is the portion of the large intestine that ends at the anus.
Sometimes, an internal hemorrhoid may push down from the rectum, which is known as a prolapsed internal hemorrhoid.
A prolapsed internal hemorrhoid can often be gently pushed back up into the wall of the rectum. But its still more likely than other types to become infected.
This is because blood flow to the vein can be cut off. This is known as a strangulated internal hemorrhoid. Without the nutrients, oxygen, and immune-system cells carried in the bloodstream, an infection can quickly form.
You may have a higher risk of a strangulated hemorrhoid and a subsequent infection if you have a condition that reduces healthy circulation to the rectum. Among the conditions that can cause reduced blood flow to the region are:
In addition, having HIV or another condition that weakens the immune system can increase the risk for infected hemorrhoids.
But an infection can bring on other symptoms, too. Signs of infection include:
Signs Of Anal Skin Tags
Skin tags are not hemorrhoids, but they can be left behind after an external hemorrhoid has healed. Skin tags appear after the skin is stretched, such as by an external hemorrhoid. Once the hemorrhoid has resolved itself, the skin may remain stretched, resulting in a skin tag.
Skin tags are benign, but it is advisable to get any lump checked by a doctor to get confirmation of that.
Skin tags have the following characteristics:
- Small bumps or raised areas
Read Also: What Should I Do If I Have Hemorrhoids
Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- Why do I have hemorrhoids?
- Are there any lifestyle changes I can do that can relieve or prevent hemorrhoids?
- I saw blood on toilet paper. Is this serious?
- Are having hemorrhoids a sign of another health condition?
- Will I always have hemorrhoids?
- Is there medicine I can take for hemorrhoids? Are there side effects?
What Can Be Mistaken For Hemorrhoids
Here are five different causes for hemorrhoid symptoms you need to know about:Colon cancer and rectal cancer. These cancers can occur near the rectum and cause bleeding and discomfort that are similar to hemorrhoid symptoms, says Dr. Inflammatory bowel disease . Anal fissures. Pruritis ani. Genital warts.Jun 23, 2013
Also Check: Can I Get Rid Of Hemorrhoids Permanently
Signs Of Hemorrhoids In Pregnancy
Pregnancy creates more pressure in the abdomen than usual, which can cause vascular tissue in the rectum and anus to swell. Hemorrhoids are common in the third trimester of pregnancy and around a third of pregnant people experience them. It is also common to develop hemorrhoids during childbirth.
Hemorrhoids in pregnancy develop the same way as non-pregnancy hemorrhoids and can be internal, external or become thrombosed. Most cases of hemorrhoids in pregnancy resolve after birth.
Dont Miss: Will Epsom Salt Help Hemorrhoids
How To Tell The Difference Between Hemorrhoids And Cancer
Hemorrhoids and cancer are two entirely different conditions, yet still, one can find it hard to understand the difference between both. The symptoms require proper check-ups to tell the difference between hemorrhoids and cancer.
In this article, youll read about what hemorrhoids are and how can you know if you have hemorrhoids or something more serious. Youll be reading whether hemorrhoids cause back and stomach pain or not.
Dont Miss: How To Naturally Reduce Hemorrhoids
Don’t Miss: How To Tell If You Have External Hemorrhoids
Signs You May Have Hemorrhoids
The symptoms of hemorrhoids typically depend on the location. Signs and symptoms may include:
- Bleeding during bowel movementsâyou might notice small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.
- Itching around your anus.
- Pain or discomfort around the anus.
- Swelling around your anus.
- A lump near your anus, which may be sensitive or painful.
What To Expect Emotionally
Emotionally, you may be feeling:
- Baby blues. Many new moms have irritability, sadness, crying, or anxiety, beginning within the first several days after delivery. These baby blues are very common and may be related to physical changes and the emotional transition as you adjust to changing roles and your new baby. Baby blues usually go away within 1 to 2 weeks.
- Postpartum depression. More serious and longer lasting than the baby blues, this condition may cause mood swings, anxiety, guilt, and persistent sadness. PPD can be diagnosed up to a year after giving birth, and its more common in women with a history of depression, multiple life stressors, and a family history of depression.
Also, when it comes to intimacy, you and your partner may be on completely different pages. Your partner may be ready to pick up where you left off before babys arrival, whereas you may not feel comfortable enough physically or emotionally and might crave nothing more than a good nights sleep. Doctors often ask women to wait a few weeks before having sex to allow them to heal.
You May Like: How To Help Poop With Hemorrhoids
Read Also: Does Metamucil Help With Hemorrhoids
Can I Pop A Hemorrhoid
You must not pop a hemorrhoid because doing so can lead to painful and serious complications. You must always consult your doctor for a definitive diagnosis and treatment. Many conditions in and around your bottom may mimic a hemorrhoid, thus, it is advisable to get yourself examined by a professional.
Dont Miss: How Do You Know If You Have Hemorrhoids
Is Blood In Stool Hemorrhoids Or Cancer
Rectal bleeding is usually the sign of the general ailment of hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are so common that nearly half of American adults over the age of 50 have hemorrhoids or have previously experienced them.
However, consulting with a physician or hemorrhoid doctor is very important and something we recommend.
The truth is, we all have hemorrhoids, as they are the veins in the lower region of the rectum. The problem arises when they become swollen, damaged, or inflamed.
Having hemorrhoids is not necessarily life-threatening, and hemorrhoids typically go away on their own after just a few days. Maintaining a healthy and fibrous diet can prevent hemorrhoid flare-ups.
Colon cancer, on the other hand, typically comes with a slew of other symptoms, and these symptoms will arise suspicion.
Vomiting, sudden weight loss, change in your daily bowel habits, abdominal painall of these symptoms usually accompany the rectal bleeding and should help you realize that something is amiss.
Of course, rectal bleeding may indicate other lower intestinal issues like IBS, be sure to let your doctor know all of the symptoms you are experiencing.
Regardless of whether or not your rectal bleeding is from the typical issue of hemorrhoids, you should tell your doctor. Depending on your age and other hereditary and genetic factors, rectal bleeding could be a sign of something more serious than hemorrhoids.
Your doctor may want to do additional examinations only to be sure.
Don’t Miss: Can Diaper Rash Cream Help Hemorrhoids
Treatments For External Hemorrhoids
External hemorrhoids are the more obvious and painful of the two types. Fortunately, there are plenty of methods to relieve the symptoms of discomfort if you have these small bumps around your anus.
Here are some methods to relieve external hemorrhoids:
Diagnosis For Hemorrhoids Vs Rectal Prolapse
If you notice symptoms like blood in your stool or constant irritation around your anus, it is a good idea to see a physician. They can evaluate you and determine whether you have hemorrhoids or a rectal prolapse.
Diagnosis for hemorrhoids
Doctors typically diagnose hemorrhoids by performing a physical exam and asking you about your symptoms. They may also request additional testing like:
- Digital rectal examination : The doctor covers their hand with a lubricated glove, then inserts their finger inside your rectum to check for issues.
- Anoscopy: The doctor inserts a hollow, lighted tube inside your anus to get a view of any internal hemorrhoids.
- Proctoscopy: The doctor places a lighted tube inside your anus to get a view of your entire rectum.
- Sigmoidoscopy: The doctor looks at part of your large intestine with a small, flexible, lighted tube that blows air into your rectum so that it swells.
- Coloscopy: This test lets the doctor see the entire length of your large intestine, which allows them to check for abnormal growths, red or swollen tissue, ulcers, or any bleeding.
Diagnosis for rectal prolapse
In addition to performing a physical exam, your doctor may request the following tests when checking for rectal prolapse:
You May Like: Do Hemorrhoids Bleed When You Poop
Medical Treatment For Your Hemorrhoids
Dr. Rivas develops personalized hemorrhoid treatment plans after completing a thorough examination. The treatments we recommend may depend on the type of hemorrhoids, as well as your symptoms. Initially, we may suggest lifestyle changes to ease your pain, such as increasing your intake of fiber and water to improve bowel movements and sitz baths to alleviate pain and discomfort.
However, when at-home treatments fail, Dr. Rivas may suggest a procedure to destroy or remove your hemorrhoids, such as:
- Rubber band ligation
- Infrared, laser, or bipolar coagulation
How Are Hemorrhoids Treated
Your healthcare provider will create a care plan for you based on:
- Your age, overall health, and past health
- How serious your case is
- Whether you have internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, or both
- How well you handle certain medicines, treatments, or therapies
- If your condition is expected to get worse
- What you would like to do
The main goal of treatment is to reduce your symptoms. This may be done by:
- Sitting in plain, warm water in a bathtub several times a day
- Using ice packs to reduce swelling
- Using hemorrhoid creams or medicines inserted into your rectum
Your healthcare provider may also suggest that you add more fiber and fluids to your diet to help soften your stools. Having softer stools means you don’t have to strain during bowel movements. This reduces the pressure on your hemorrhoids.
Adding more fiber to your diet means eating more:
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider:
Recommended Reading: How To Heal Hemorrhoids With Diet
What Can You Take For Relief
If you have hemorrhoids, lifestyle changes might help them heal much faster. One cause of hemorrhoids is straining during bowel movements. Adding more high-fiber foods to your diet, such as veggies, fruits, and entire grains, can help soften your stool and make it simpler to pass. You ought to likewise drink lots of water to help alleviate constipation and reduce straining during defecation.
Here are some extra things that may help relieve symptoms:
- Reduce the time you rest on the toilet.
- When you feel the urge to move your bowels, go as quickly as possible.
- Put your feet on a small stool during defecation to change the position of your rectum.
- If youre pregnant, sleep on your side. This will help relieve some of the pressure around your anus.
- Ask your doctor about taking a fiber supplement, such as psyllium or methylcellulose . A tablespoon of mineral oil added to food can likewise help soften stools.
- Keep the anal area tidy. Take regular showers, and use damp wipes to clean up the area around your rectum after you pass a defecation.
- Use a sitz bath or sit in a warm tub for a few minutes to bathe the anal area.